Financing Higher Education in Africa (Directions in Development)

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Western Carolina University. Winston-Salem State University. NC School of Science and Mathematics. Presentations to the UNC Board of Governors on a range of topics informing the strategic planning process are available for viewing.

International Education Policies, Issues, and Challenges

Johnson, Jr. In , 37 percent of undergraduates across the system received Pell Grants, up from 26 percent in Additionally, the UNC system has a rich history of providing access to diverse populations, including six institutions that have historically served minorities. Currently, African-American and Hispanic students comprise 26 percent of total enrollment.

Ensuring that the system remained open to all was an issue raised by numerous stakeholders. Said BCG one interviewee, "The diversity of our students needs to be at the forefront of the discussion. Access is the opportunity for all North Carolinians who are prepared for the associated rigorous learning experiences to pursue a university education. Benchmark I.

Benchmark II. This video was created by the Institute for Higher Education Policy. Many stakeholders referenced the state's clear constitutional mandate for affordability: that public higher education should "as far as practicable, be extended to the people of the State free of expense. A college degree is increasingly important for career success. According to a study from the Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce, by , 61 percent of jobs in North Carolina will require some form of postsecondary education and training, while between and there will be an estimated 1.

At the same time, the "attainment gap" between white and minority students in North Carolina is one of the largest in the country; while 50 percent of white students earn a postsecondary degree, only 28 percent of African-American and 24 percent of Hispanic students do so.


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Ensuring students graduate ready for their career is a critical priority for the UNC system, and there was broad agreement among our interviewees that each institution must provide a clear value proposition to students. At the same time, interviewees were quick to point out that student success takes a wide variety of forms beyond graduation rates and job prospects and should also include a sense of overall well-being. As one stakeholder put it, reflecting the diverse objectives of the system, "It's about earnings somewhat…but also well-being, setting up for long-term personal and professional success, [and] citizenship.

It includes: The timely acquisition of a degree, and The development of competencies — critical thinking, life-long learning, technological mastery, resilience, effective communication, flexibility, and collaboration, among others — for a meaningful engagement in 21st-century life, including, but not limited to the workforce.

Several stakeholders surfaced the need for the UNC system to contribute in many ways to the state, including educating the next generation of civic leaders, partnering with employers to shape the state's future workforce, providing leadership and innovation in health care, and supporting faculty in impactful academic research and community outreach.

Universities have an impact on state and regional economies through the students they attract and teach, the research they perform, the innovation they encourage, the people they employ, the services they offer, and the partnerships they build. Comments and discussion with the speakers focused on student preparation for careers, transferring technology to the market, and partnering with business and community leaders.

The UNC system is comprised of a collection of highly distinct institutions, each with a unique mission and goals. Some of these institutions have a proud heritage of serving minorities, some are centers of excellence for the liberal arts, and one is a world-class arts conservatory.

Some are top-tier research institutions, and some offer excellent education in technology and agriculture. It will also be important to retain the diversity of institutions within the system, a view expressed repeatedly to the Boston Consulting Group in our conversations. Said one BCG interviewee, "We need to champion individual schools. The one size fits all mentality does not work.

And we should make sure that each school is the best at its mission. Institutions that, both individually and collectively as a system, are distinct and mission-focused; high-performing; and committed to the fullest development of all students, faculty, and staff. Areas of Distinction Areas of Distinction. A comprehensive five-year plan developed with input from the UNC Advisory Committee on Strategic Directions, consisting of business, education, and government leaders from across the state, as well as selected Board members, UNC chancellors, and faculty, staff, and student leadership; and a Strategic Directions Committee, chaired by a member of the Board of Governors and including selected General Administration staff and UNC chancellors.

Learn more about UNC's strategic plan. A final report served as a roadmap for the creation of policy and for the designation of resources for the system. Further, it strengthened the bond between the University and the community. Strategic Planning.

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Universities need philanthropy but must resist hidden agendas

Link to Access. Access The UNC system must continue its proud heritage of access and student diversity. Link to Affordability and Efficiency. Affordability and Efficiency Ensure a UNC education is within the financial means of all in the state. Link to Student Success. Student Success Increase degree attainment and ensure value and relevance for students.

Link to Community Engagement. Link to Excellent and Diverse Institutions. Excellent and Diverse Institutions Help institutions achieve excellence within individual missions. Increase Low-Income Enrollment. Increase Completions by Low-Income Students. Increase Rural Enrollment.

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Increase Completions by Rural Students. Improve Transition from K to College. Increase 5-Year Graduation Rate. Increase Undergraduate Degree Efficiency. Close Achievement Gaps. Implement a Survey of Current Students and Alumni. Commit to Affordable Tuition. Increase Operational and Financial Flexibility.

Increase Critical Workforce Credentials. Increase Research Productivity. Identify Academic "Areas of Distinction". Focus on Human Capital.


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Performance Agreements and Institution Dashboards. Progress The strategic planning process was initiated with the commissioning of a report of institutional effectiveness. Oct System Level Goals Benchmark: Recommend System Level The Board Committee should recommend draft system level goals based on information gathered in the previous two benchmarks. Sept Environmental Scan Benchmark: Evaluate National, State, and University Landscape, Strengths, and Gaps Evaluate what is happening nationally and across the state in this strategic priority area, assess the needs of the state, and determine the University's current strengths and gaps in relation to this landscape.

Public Forums Public Forums were held at all 17 constituent institutions between October and mid-November. Opportunity for all.

PDF Financing Higher Education in Africa (Directions in Development)

Student Success. Economic Impact and Community Engagement. Definition: Economic Impact and Community Engagement Universities have an impact on state and regional economies through the students they attract and teach, the research they perform, the innovation they encourage, the people they employ, the services they offer, and the partnerships they build.

First, the huge increase in the costs of universities are starting to seriously turn off potential customers and alienate the public, whose support of colleges is waning. For the past five years, aggregate college enrollments have fallen. While many college administrators and professors decry it, most Americans go to college primarily to enhance the probability of vocational success.

Second, the vast increase in federal student financial aid, and also intrusive federal regulation, has caused much of the tuition price inflation and has reduced a distinctive advantage of American universities: their diversity, competitiveness, and freedom from central direction. The evidence is clear that much of federal student aid ends up supporting higher tuition fees, benefiting universities and their staffs more than students.

Third, new, much cheaper approaches to certifying vocational competence are on the horizon that offer an existential threat to the lower end of the higher education market. Already, more and more students are taking courses and sometimes whole degrees on-line, bypassing the expensive non-academic expenses that most universities impose on their students: high room and board charges, fees to support intercollegiate athletics and other extraneous things. State and private schools with indifferent to poor reputations are increasingly in precarious shape.

New forms of certifying competence such as a national college exit examination could ultimately disrupt the market. Fourth, the core fundamental feature of colleges — their role as an oasis where widely divergent ideas are discussed and peacefully argued — is increasingly under attack. Universities presidents kowtow to protesters who try to impose their often warped set of values upon others. Fifth, the combination of anemic economic growth and an aging population are reducing the capacity to increase resources provided for higher education.

Economic growth has fallen by nearly one-third over the past generation, reducing both our ability and tolerance for funding our exceedingly inefficient higher education network. Sixth, the value of a college degree as a device to signal knowledge, intelligence, discipline, ambition, and integrity is fraying, jeopardizing the economic advantages of a university education. The earnings advantage of college graduates relative to high school diploma holders is not rising as previously, as employers find that too many college graduates lack the positive distinctive qualities they want in new employees.

Too many students of meager academic performance attend college; grade inflation allows nearly everyone to graduate who persists. The prestige elite schools are increasing viewed as altogether superior institutions to less selective colleges and universities.

Africa to improve higher education opportunities